4. Points out that the European Union became a party to CITES in 2015 and will vote by 28 votes on EU jurisdictional issues within CITES-COP; supports, in this regard, the amendments to the Committee`s internal rules that reflect the text of the CITES Convention on the vote of regional economic integration organisations and which are in line with what has been in line with other international agreements for many years, and opposes the eu`s votes being calculated on the basis of the number of Member States duly accredited for the meeting at the time of the actual vote; CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. The aim is to ensure that international trade in wildlife specimens does not jeopardize their survival. 34. Calls for CITES sanctions against parties who do not comply with important aspects of the Convention to be applied in a timely and fully manner, in particular for the European Union and its Member States to use the mechanisms available to encourage the parties to comply with the CITES Convention and other international instruments relating to the protection of biodiversity; Widely disseminated information on the threatened status of many prominent species, such as tigers and elephants, may make the need for such a convention evident. But by the time CITES`s ideas were first developed in the 1960s, the international debate on regulating wildlife trade for conservation purposes was relatively new. In hindsight, the need for CITES is clear. Each year, the international wildlife trade is estimated at billions of dollars and includes hundreds of millions of samples of plants and animals. The trade is diverse, ranging from living flora and fauna to a variety of wildlife products, including food, exotic leather goods, wooden musical instruments, wood, tourist attractions and medicines. The level of exploitation of certain animal and plant species is high and trade with other factors, such as habitat loss, is able to greatly deplete their populations and even bring some species closer to extinction. Many types of wild animals in the trade are not threatened, but the existence of an agreement to ensure the sustainability of trade is important to protect these resources for the future.
CITES, which represents the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, is a comprehensive agreement between governments to regulate or ban international trade in endangered species. In the mid-20th century, governments began to realize that trade in certain wild animals and plants was having a devastating effect on these species.