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A data-sharing agreement is an agreement between a party with useful data (the Discloser) and a party that searches for data for research on (the recipient) under which the public agrees to share its data with the recipient. These could be two universities that agree to share data for research cooperation, one or more private companies active in research or development, and even a government agency working with a private agency.  Any subscriber to the database should also be informed of the proprietability of the information to which access is available, so similar copyright and database provisions should also be included in the end user or subscription agreement. (see Treaty 27) and in the data themselves (see Treaty 50). Contract 25`s explanatory note explains why an owner/supplier would prefer to license data rather than sell it to protect and control its copyrights over the use of the data. On the other hand, a data buyer would prefer to purchase data as directly as possible, especially when the data is its primary value, and distribute data on their core business. This data purchase contract is used by the owner of a database who purchases data for the purpose of creating or updating a database. This database will in turn be accessed to subscribers. In some cases, the data that subscribers access is exactly the data purchased by the database owner: the raw data. However, this agreement is intended for situations where the acquired data is used in a “value-added service.” In the absence of strong intellectual property rights to protect data and databases in the United States, data-sharing agreements work best if they are part of a broader agreement among research partners. An individual agreement on data sharing is not intended to supplant the greater agreement between the partners, but to complement and support a particular aspect of the broader agreement. For a detailed overview of the role of a data-sharing agreement in a larger project among research partners, see Data Sharing: Paige Backlund Jarquin MPH, Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute – Rocky Mountain Prevention Research Center.

If, at best, the data is transmitted intentionally or otherwise to the database owner, reprogramming (and therefore more time and effort) is required and, in the worst case, errors may occur in the service made available to database subscribers. Notification is therefore an important point that needs to be addressed in such an agreement – when the supplier makes changes; the buyer has at least enough time to prepare for it.  In addition to the quality and availability of timely data, the most important factor for a database holder is consistency, especially when the database owner uses the data within value-added services. If the owner of the database has written a specific software. B to receive the data, turn it into a certain layout (for example. B, create diagrams or diagrams from numerical data), and then have it “located” in a particular part of the database that provides a particular service, perhaps a particular subscriber sector, that can only access that specific part of the database, and then any changes made by the data provider to the method. B delivery (for example, transfer/download/data stream, which cannot be read by software) or format (for example. B instead of being provided with a specific digital layout providing graphical data) requires the database owner to adapt each software used during processing.

This results not only in additional costs to the database owner, but also in delays in the availability of this data and, in fact, the service in which it must be integrated for subscribers.